Full Audio: Listen To Dopapod’s Raging Set From Last Weekend’s Werk Out Fest

first_imgFor fans of Dopapod, do not miss them on tour all throughout the fall! The band has announced a major tour with Pigeons Playing Ping Pong, and Live for Live Music will be providing unique media coverage the whole time. You can see more details here, and check out the full schedule in the artwork below. Last weekend, Dopapod made their way over to Thornville, OH to perform at the annual The Werk Out Festival. Hosted by The Werks, a number of great artists from the jam scene all performed at this beloved event. Dopapod has been on a tear of late, emerging earlier this year with new music to accentuate their recently-released Never Odd Or Even last_img

Time to celebrate unsung heroes amid COVID-19 crisis

first_imgOn the other hand, nurses have received more attention from the public during the pandemic, Indonesian Nurses Association (PPNI) chairman Harif Fadhillah said on Monday.“Nurses have been overlooked for the longest time,” Harif said. “But during the pandemic, nurses have been on the frontline in the fight against COVID-19. We hope that this [awareness] continues.”Before COVID-19, nurses had complained about the lack of appreciation afforded to them, including low wages that are disproportionate to their workloads. There were just 113 nurses to care for every 100,000 people in the country in 2016, according to Health Ministry data, a far cry from the government’s target of 180 nurses per 100,000 people by 2019.PPNI data from 2017 also showed that around 82,000 out the country’s roughly 1 million nurses worked “voluntarily” in state-owned health facilities without any clear work contract or status. Many of these nurses also earn well below the provincial minimum wage at privately-owned health facilities. Last year, nurses took to the streets in Bandung, West Java and Gorontalo to demand fair pay and employment certainty. It took at least 27 protests before the government finally ratified the 2014 Nursing Law, which finally recognized the roles of nurses in the national healthcare system.Alongside International Nurses Day, Indonesia will also commemorate the 22nd anniversary of the May 1998 riots that cost so many lives and stoked fear among the Chinese-Indonesian community that saw hundreds of shops raided and many women allegedly raped.The National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) and the May 1998 riots fact-finding team have respectively revealed their findings on the 1965 and 1998 tragedies, showing that gross human rights violations were committed, with military involvement in both cases. But there has been no punishment for the perpetrators nor any justice for the victims, survivors and their families.However, there in significant public support for resolving these cases. A 2019 poll conducted by Kompas daily for Komnas HAM found that 82.2 percent of respondents believed that cases of past human rights violations should be resolved; however, many did not believe the government would be able to do so.“We hope that with public pressure, the country can open its eyes and awaken the political will needed to bring those cases [to court], at least to the investigation phase,” said Dimas BA Saputra, the head of the Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence’s (Kontras) impunity watch division, on Monday.Since the incident 22 years ago, survivors and families of victims of past human rights abuses have regularly participated in weekly silent protests known as Aksi Kamisan, where they call on the government to take responsibility. The movement has since shifted to social media after the COVID-19 outbreak.The global community also celebrated Mother’s Day on May 10 – distinct from Indonesia’s own Hari Ibu – at a time when the pandemic has placed a greater burden on the shoulders of women in the country.The threat of domestic violence haunts women forced to shelter in place, with 33 of the 97 reports of violence against women received between March 16 and April 19 in Greater Jakarta by the Legal Aid Foundation of the Indonesian Women’s Association for Justice (LBH Apik) concerning domestic abuse.The organization’s coordinator for legal reforms, Ratna B. Munti, said Monday that the figure was only the “tip of the iceberg”, with many cases going unreported.Women, including mothers, have long suffered from many of the country’s societal ills, with discrimination, systemic poverty and human rights abuses hitting them the hardest, activists have said.“More attention needs to be paid to how we treat mothers, who give birth to the next generation. We need to position them as full-fledged citizens who have rights, and those rights need to be protected and upheld by the state,” Ratna said.Topics : This week comes as a stark reminder for people to protect and uphold the rights of the country’s many unsung heroes amid the COVID-19 outbreak: nurses who are on the frontline treating patients, mothers who keep their households afloat and victims seeking justice after the 1998 May riots.The pandemic has cast a pall over International Nurses Day celebrations on May 12, with nurses dying of the disease while others continue to work overtime to treat COVID-19 patients despite inadequate personal protections.Additionally, nurses face public stigma for their constant contact with patients, with some even getting evicted by their landlords.last_img read more

42 new cases of COVID-19 in our listening area over the weekend

first_imgRecoveredNew Recovered Butler16 Worth Wright2 Wright6020 Worth3 Butler1 Kossuth161 Cerro Gordo213 Franklin Confirmed CasesNew Cases Floyd19 Winnebago111 Cerro Gordo1 Area Total39942 Winnebago Floyd16 Franklin71 Kossuth Deaths Hospitalized Worth3 Franklin1 Butler131 Mitchell Butler2 DES MOINES — Over 40 more cases of COVID-19 were reported in our immediate listening area over the weekend.In the time period between 11:00 AM Friday and 11:00 AM this morning, 42 cases were reported — 22 new cases in Wright County; 12 more in Franklin; six more in Hancock; and single cases in Cerro Gordo and Kossuth counties. That brings the area total now to 399 — 244 in Wright; 34 in Cerro Gordo; 30 in Franklin; 22 in Hancock; 19 in Floyd; 16 each in Butler and Kossuth; 11 in Winnebago; four in Mitchell; and three in Worth.26 more people in our area have fully recovered — 20 in Wright; three in Cerro Gordo; and single cases in Butler, Franklin and Winnebago — for a total number of recovered in our area now at 151.10 people remain hospitalized in our area at last report — two each in Wright, Hancock, Floyd, and Butler; with single hospitalizations in Cerro Gordo and Franklin.Looking at the statewide numbers, five more deaths were reported between Sunday morning and this morning for a total now of 607. 329 more cases were reported statewide in that same time period for a total now of 21,918. Winnebago Floyd2 Hancock226 Mitchell4 Mitchell4 Hancock8 Kossuth8 Kossuth Wright24422 Area Total10 Hancock Worth Cerro Gordo341 Winnebago11 Hancock2 Franklin3012 Floyd1 Mitchell Area Total15126 Cerro Gordo1 Wright Area Total3last_img read more

Garda changes promise to bring more front-line officers across Donegal

first_imgAn Garda Síochána has today announced improvements to its structures, processes, services and governance.Garda management are hoping the changes will increase the number of front-line Gardaí, deliver a more localised service to communities, and maximise the organisation’s operational impact.It includes restructuring at national, regional and local levels to provide a greater focus on community policing based on local needs. Garda top brass say this means more Gardaí working on the frontline, greater supervision, better resources, less paperwork, and more career opportunities for members and staff.It will make best use of an expanding workforce and investment in ICT.There will be a reduction in administrative structures, the introduction of community policing teams dedicated to working with communities to identify and tackle problem crimes in their area, a greater range of specialised services such as economic crime and cyber-crime being delivered locally, and enhanced local investigation of serious crimes and crimes against the vulnerable such as sexual crime.It will mean increased numbers of Gardaí working on the frontline, they say. From 2017 to 2019, 2,090 Gardaí have been recruited to date and a further 478 have been re-deployed to the front-line.It is expected that from now until the end of 2021 that a further 1,500 Garda members will be recruited and an additional 1,000 Gardaí re-assigned to the front-line.In addition, from 2017 to 2019, 1,070 Garda staff have been recruited and a further 1,265 are expected to recruited by end of 2021.Commissioner Drew Harris said, “These improvements will allow us to increase the number of Gardaí at the front-line and enhance community policing. Reduced bureaucracy and ICT initiatives combined with an increase in Garda members and Garda staff will increase Garda visibility in communities. It will mean Gardaí at all ranks will have more time to engage with local communities and stakeholders to help keep people safe.“These changes will deliver a more visible, localised and responsive policing service. What won’t change though is the strong connection we have with local communities.” Under this model, decision making for policing delivery will be devolved from the centre to the regions and divisions.Divisions will increase in size, will be operationally autonomous, and will be the key to policing delivery.A Division will be typically made up of around 600 to 800 personnel. This will ensure each Division has the resources and skills to deliver a wider range of community policing and specialist services based on the demand in their area.Regions and divisions will have greater control over how policing is delivered, while working to a corporate framework and oversight from the centre. The focus of the centre will be on supporting regions and divisions. This model has been recommended by both the Commission on the Future of Policing in Ireland and the Garda Inspectorate, and echoes the views of our personnel gathered through extensive consultation. The restructure reflects international policing best practice as well as the realities of modern-day policing in Ireland, the changing nature of crime, and population trends.This process has already started as part of the implementation of A Policing Service for the Future with the introduction of the new local policing model in four Divisions – Kevin Street, Cork city, Galway and Mayo.It will continue on Monday (August 26 2019) with the new regional structure of four regions.The reduction in Divisions from 28 to 19 will now commence on a phased basis. The new structure will be implemented throughout 2020.Garda changes promise to bring more front-line officers across Donegal was last modified: August 22nd, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalfront-lineGardailast_img read more

The Geocache Type that Cares – CITO

first_imgShare with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedJoin a Worldwide Geocaching MovementApril 8, 2013In “Cache In Trash Out”Announcing the 2014 CITO Weekend and SouvenirJanuary 26, 2014In “Cache In Trash Out”You’re Part of the CITO EquationMarch 17, 2014In “Cache In Trash Out” Watch this Geocaching HQ video and see what the CITO smiles are all about in less than a minute. Explore the joys of finding an old soda can or picking up faded, weather-worn newspapers. Sounds wonderful right? It’s a wonderful feeling if you’re tromping around with a group of geocachers who are helping clean up geocaching-friendly locations. It even has a name: Cache in Trash Out (CITO). It’s easy to earn a CITO Event smiley and put a smile on your face at the same time. More than 12,000 adventurers in over a dozen countries took park in CITO weekend this past April. Together, they cleared 50 tons of trash around the world. That weekend gets much of the recognition, but CITO continues throughout the rest of the year. Check out CITO events near you or host your own.  Many geocachers simply practice the principle of Cache In Trash Out every time they geocache. Interested in seeing the other smiley you receive from a CITO Event?last_img read more

Lightning kills two inmates in Ludhiana jail

first_imgTwo inmates were killed on Thursday after lightning struck them in Borstal Jail in Ludhiana, the police said.“The incident occurred when four inmates were praying at a temple situated inside the jail premises. Lightning struck, leaving two of them dead and the other two injured,” Assistant Commissioner of Police (East) Devinder Chaudhary told reporters.Mr. Chaudhary said the deceased have been identified as Lakhvir Singh (18) and Rishav Kumar (19), both from Ludhiana. The injured inmates — Rajwinder Singh of Sidhwan Bet and Gurdeep Singh of Jagraon — were admitted at the civil hospital with serious burn injuries.last_img

Ask prevention

first_imgI have dark circles around my eyes. How can I get rid of them?Dark circles are usually linked to lack of sleep, stress and depression. However, other conditions such as Vitamin B12 deficiency, liver ailments, obesity and a genetic predisposition could be the cause??, says Dr Shubhra Goel, associate consultant, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai. Rule out the medical conditions first and then make small lifestyle changes. Get seven to eight hours of sleep every night and reduce your stress levels. Consume a balanced diet rich in anti-oxidants, calcium, magnesium and Vitamins B12 and K, she adds. Home remedies such as covering your eyes with cucumber slices may also help. If these dont work, consult a doc. She may suggest chemical peels or topical ointments containing any or a few of these: Vitamins C, K, kojic acid and retinoids. In extreme conditions, you may need to opt for laser therapy, adds Goel.My 16-year-old son is addicted to the television and gaming consoles. It is affecting his academic performance. What should I do?A: Boys find it intoxicating to be immersed in the virtual world because it is completely under their control. When theyre engaged in these activities, their brain produces endorphins giving them a high, says Delhi-based clinical psychiatrist Dr Jitendra Nagpal. Instead of taking any extreme step like cutting off the TV connection or seizing his gaming consoles, talk to him to figure out if there is any hidden stress that hes trying to overcome. Also give him interesting alternatives to gaming or watching TV. Encourage him to take up a sport, take him for a swim and plan outings to help him develop other engaging habits.My nails are brittle. How do I make them healthy again?Brittle nails are a natural sign of ageing. They may also be the result of long-term exposure to harsh solvents (those in nail polish removers) and detergents, constant contact with water and a wide variety of medical conditions. Another common cause behind chipping nails could be biotin (Vitamin B7) deficiency. Take supplements if needed, suggests Dr Hema Pant, consultant dermatologist with Kaya Skin Clinic, Delhi. A few home remedies you may try: soak a cotton ball in olive or castor oil and gently swab it on your brittle fingernails; dip your fingers in lukewarm salt water for some time every day, wipe them dry and moisturise. A nail hardener could also be a potential protector for your nails.I frequently get painful leg cramps at bedtime. What should I do to stop them?Night-time leg cramps are triggered by involuntary muscle contractions in the calves or soles of the feet. There might be soreness of muscles even after the cramp goes away. Though the underlying cause is not clear, the probable reasons could be long hours at the desk, dehydration, overworking of muscles and improper posture,?? says Dr Sandeep Budhiraja, director, Max Institute of Internal Medicine, New Delhi. In rare cases, it may be a symptom of Parkinsons disease and endocrine disorders. Stay hydrated (drink six to eight glasses of water each day) and stretch your calf muscles before you go to bed. This may reduce the frequency of nocturnal cramps,?? he suggests.The Colour GreenNeed some inspiration? Look at something green. A quick glimpse at the colour is enough to get your creative juices flowing, finds a new study from the University of Munich. Our brains associate the colour green with growth and development that seems to spur our desire for self-improvement, says study author Stephanie Lichtenfeld. Keep a green plant in your office, paint your study green or change your screen saver to greenand nail any creativity challenge that comes your way!advertisementlast_img read more

Schitts Creek star Dan Levy makes a splash Stateside on the Wendy

first_imgAdvertisement While Canada is constantly bombarded with (or, perhaps more accurately, colonized by) U.S. screen entertainment and media, success stories moving in the opposite direction are only true in a limited number of cases.What can be a hit on this side of the border may go over the heads of our neighbours to the south. Particularly when it comes to humour.So it’s always great to hear when a Canadian TV show has cracked the highly competitive U.S. market. Twitter LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: Advertisement Advertisement Which brings us to our case-in-point: did you know that CBC’s comedy series Schitt’s Creek was picked up by U.S. TV network Pop and has received favourable reviews by U.S. TV critics?Schitt’s CreekAnd accordingly, Dan Levy, who cocreated the show with his father Eugene Levy and plays the pansexual character David Rose, landed a guest spot on the New York City–based talk show The Wendy Williams Show. Facebooklast_img read more

Edmond de Rothschild Investment Partners EdRIP h

first_imgEdmond de Rothschild Investment Partners (EdRIP) has entered into exclusive negotiations about taking an equity stake in Thomson Video Networks.The private equity firm is in talks with Fonds de Consolidation & Développement des Entreprises (FCDE), a firm that specialises in growth capital investments and counts Thomson among its portfolio of companies.EdRIP is in talks about taking a stake in Thomson in partnership with the company’s management and said it is dedicated to minority investments in privately owned companies.“The proposed investment by EdRIP in partnership with the management team would mark a new milestone in our company’s history,” said Thomson Video Networks president, Christophe Delahousse, thanking FCDE for its “outstanding partnership.”“We would be delighted to work with this new partner to continue advancing state-of-the-art broadcast and multi-screen OTT services and driving the compression and video quality requirements of every device — today and tomorrow.”Thomson Video Networks offers video delivery solutions targeted at media companies, video service providers, and broadcasters.Sylvain Charignon, a partner at EdRIP, said: “Thomson Video Networks already occupies a solid position in the market, and we see strong potential for additional growth and opportunities in both current and new markets. The company would be an ideal addition to our portfolio as we continue to expand our strategy for sustained investment in global-growth enterprises.”FCDE partner, Amélie Brossier, added: “Thomson Video Networks is now poised to enter a new period of growth building on its innovative products, international reach and quality management.”last_img read more

As operators recognise the limitations of traditio

first_imgAs operators recognise the limitations of traditional in-home service provision we are starting to see a steady rise in cloud technology adoption. Adrian Pennington looks at the development of three key cloud TV applications.In order to match the heightened consumer expectation for TV everywhere, all service providers have cloud technologies on their roadmap. Rollout is hampered in many cases by existing investments in legacy on-premises equipment, copyright and legislative issues and some technical nuts that have yet to be cracked.The benefits, though, of a shift to the cloud are widely understood. As John Carlucci, president and chief technology officer, Alticast, says: “What’s important about cloud is how it helps operators to break free from the bounds of the set-top box and use DevOps models and ubiquitous IT tools like HTML5 and JavaScript for app development.”It’s also worth observing that cloud tech promises to revolutionise business models even further. “The next big step is providing events-based channels and disaster recovery capability and ultimately doing full linear playout of sophisticated channels in the cloud,” says James Gilbert, co-founder, Pixel Power. “In that light, cloud DVR and ad insertion are good tests of the infrastructure, but in terms of the future, the cloud is about much more.”Cloud DVRSome reflection of this shift in thinking is in the terminology which, in relation to DVR services, has shifted from RS-DVR to nDVR to cDVR. However, while cloud-based DVR is being deployed, “there’s no big bang shift in behaviour” according to Accedo’s EMEA vice-president Adam Nightingale.Accedo expect over 50% of cDVR penetration to have occurred by 2022, roughly the timeframe that Ericsson also forecasts. Parks Associates research predicts cDVR subscribers worldwide will total 24 million by 2018.Nokia, which recently took over Alcatel Lucent, says it has nine deployments for cDVR including Liberty Global, Telefónica, Numericable and Vodafone Portugal.South Korea’s KT Skylife is among those using software specialist Alticast’s solutions to deliver either cDVR or hybrid systems that leverage the set-top box and cloud. Spanish cable service provider Euskaltel meanwhile launched cDVR last year using a Nagra solution to offer a multiscreen service on legacy set-top boxes and OTT to connected devices.The upsides are numerous. For end users, content deployed in the cloud enables multiscreen access and recording of multiple simultaneous shows.  Without the limit of a 500GB hard disk, storage capacity is dynamically allocated. In addition, the relatively high failure rate of set-top disks and the consequent loss of personalised content can be mitigated. Customers can also retain recordings when they upgrade to new devices.For the service provider there are capital savings from using shared and scaleable storage, and theoretically fewer service issue call outs. Ericsson says a typical truck roll costs US$75 (E67) per subscriber. This was the main driver for the deployment of cDVR by operators such as Cablevision in the US and KPN in the Netherlands, it suggests. “Associated costs quickly add up given that approximately 5% of hard drives fail per year and new features and upgrades require hardware replacement,” says Itai Tomer, head of cloud DVR, Ericsson. “A centralised network is more reliable than distributed drives.”More importantly, cDVR delivers a greater degree of control over content for customer, service provider and advertiser alike.“A content provider can assign rules around which content can be recorded and for what period,” says Roland Mestric, Nokia’s head of video marketing. “Such data can be used by advertisers who can place relevant ads around content when it is actually watched. You can also ensure the ads aren’t skipped.”However, technical and licensing challenges are still hampering rapid advancement of this kind of service. Negotiated rights vary from programme to programme and country to country, with the pivotal issue being whether a unique copy is required for every subscriber. Each deployment has its own challenges and operators must ultimately decide between a private, shared, or hybrid architecture.“In the US for instance, the landmark [2008] Cablevision decision deemed a unique copy saved per user as the standard, although we are still seeing MSOs looking to redress that decision independently,” says Tomer. “In Europe it varies according to region with issues ranging from high costs [of deploying a private copy solution], to securing the rights to content and consolidating within a variety of regions with different regulations.”Matters are evolving, at least in some markets. For example, new legislation before the French Senate should provide a legal framework encouraging the deployment of cDVR solutions in France.Private copy deployments are extremely costly. Tomer says, “A private copy system requires a unique copy of a programme to be saved for every subscriber that requests it, meaning recordings cannot be shared. Each single, unique copy of the programme has to be saved for each user, which requires a huge, growing volume of storage, very high recording and playout concurrency and that can be problematic to sustain.”This plays into the three main technical challenges: scalability, flexibility and reliability. Regarding the first, says Mestric, “We need storage that can scale from a few TB to tens of petabytes. We need to ensure the platform can ramp from start to full deployment.”More flexibility in the system is vital to make sure the service is optimised based on service or use case requirements. “With cDVR you can deploy a number of end user services like live restart or catch-up,” says Mestric. “The characteristics of a system for live are, however, not the same as for VoD or catch-up, so based on the requirements of operators a system has to have the flexibility to be optimised. Moreover, if an operator starts with catch-up they need to be able to add full cDVR as it negotiates rights with content providers.” Platform robustness ensures consumers have access to content and don’t lose it. “If a hard disk fails it needs to be recovered very quickly. Performance and speed is the key criteria,” he says.At the network level the technology is now available from streaming and content delivery network vendors such as Harmonic or Edgeware, enabling robust solutions to be deployed. Of course, ‘cloud’ in cDVR doesn’t mean a ‘public’ cloud. “Operators are, for the most part, still skittish about public cloud due to concerns about security, quality of service, and control. So these cDVR deployments are happening on private clouds,” says Yuval Fisher, CTO, MVPD, Imagine Communications. “The general view is that a cloud is an infinitely scalable and fungible collection of resources. But the reality for cDVR is that this doesn’t scale. As a result, cDVR deployments require specialised clouds, and this is something the industry is just now digesting.”The verdict on cDVR is that it confers benefits to operators and users by enabling the delivery of content to multiple screens. “Rights holders are also starting to realise that cDVR actually offers new opportunities to monetise content with services that appeal to a new generation of multiscreen TV viewers that value convenience and flexibility more than any other market segment before,” says Simon Trudelle, senior director, product marketing, Nagra.However, says Tomer, “cDVR isn’t a trivial deployment and legal issues, storage concerns and performance requirements must be considered.”Cloud ad insertionAd insertion has long been seen as another central application of cloud technology. However, generally speaking, operators are yet to fully embrace the cloud to deliver ad insertion across live and on-demand services.According to Thinkbox, citing 2015 figures, linear still accounts for 81% of all TV broadcaster viewing in an advanced market like the UK.  As overall cloud-based on-demand TV consumption increases, the value in managing addressable ads delivered to personalised, connected screens will become more transparent to broadcasters, brand advertisers, and measurement firms.“The deployment of next generation fully connected set-top boxes, complemented by other screens, is clearly the enabler that will drive demand,” says Trudelle.While early adopters are beginning to implement ad insertion technologies, others are in wait and see mode. “It’s early days,” says Tomer. “One thing is clear: operators agree that changing viewing habits combined with OTT video and innovation in cDVR technology have changed the game for advertising.”The promise of cloud-based delivery in relation to advertising is that it can help enable a much more effective and deeper degree of targeting than has hitherto been possible.“The real value of the cloud here is targeting,” says Imagine’s Fisher. “A different way to look at this is that as advertising moves towards impression-based targeting, it is also moving toward software and cloud deployment as a natural evolution in how solutions are packaged.”Cloud enables scaling – the ability to utilise more ad insertion resources when needed, such as at prime time. This is “basically a cost saving feature” for Fisher. “So it’s not really a benefit as much as a mitigation of the extra cost associated with deploying full targeting capability. More important, new ad insertion mechanisms are based on software, and that brings significant operational simplicity.”Cloud ad insertion also overcomes key problems with ad blockers, so operators can increase revenue from ads, although it won’t totally eradicate blocking.“Generally the user experience is better with cloud ad insertions but probably the most important advantage is that an operator is in control of the ads, rather than having to rely on the platform owner,” says Accedo’s Nightingale.Whether server-side or client side, ad insertion is now well defined from a technology standpoint. Client side solutions include using one player to play the main content while a second is used to play ads. Nightingale says this solution “permits the app to initialise the players ahead of playing the content and then switches players [brings a player to the foreground] when required.” He says the customer doesn’t see any buffering or delays between the main content and ads. “This solution generally works well but it does require a lot more memory on the client device.”Alternatively, client-stitching applications make use of one player, and while playing either the ad or the main content, are able to buffer the other content for the next item ready to be played when required. “No buffering is seen by the customer and the UX is seamless,” he says. The player can also be given a playlist of assets that play sequentially one after another.Dynamic stream stitching, sometimes called manifest manipulation, is performed on the server side and requires very little customisation of the client side player.Nightingale says: “The client tells the server what content the customer wants to play and any ad requirements and the server makes the calls to the ad server. The ads are stitched into the main content and delivered to the client.”While cloud ad insertion requires greater pre-processing of ad content in terms of the use of adaptive bit-rate, video quality, sound codecs and so on, the challenge service providers face is often more on the business front.“With the exception of the US market, where MVPDs actively manage some of the advertising space on behalf of broadcast networks, demand for addressable ad insertion remains low as the ad space is managed by broadcasters,” says Trudelle.For scenarios where set-top box connectivity and interactivity are not guaranteed or are limited to a subset of the subscriber base, the cloud may not achieve value in the short-term.“It really means that service providers should have a plan to go ‘fully connected’ before envisioning deploying cloud ad insertion,” says Tomer.  “Those who can move fast will clearly reap the benefits of this new technology.”Cloud TV UXTransplanting user experiences to the cloud offer many of the same advantages to operators, notably the ability to change the UX rapidly and at scale, rather than rewriting UXs for every make and model of set-top box, and enabling an operator to tailor personalised UIs.“The always-on nature of the cable network enables the cloud to be harnessed so that operators can deliver advanced user experiences – such as Millennial navigation, kids’ modes and sports zones – that are not capable of being supported by the set-top box alone,” says Alticast’s Carlucci. “Since UXs no longer need to be resident on the set-top box, operators – and customers – can have an infinite number of UX variations.”With Accedo AppGrid, users can update applications in real-time across platforms and control it per user, country or time of day without redeploying and submitting applications. “Being cloud-based means providers can easily engage with viewers, for example through in-app notifications,” says Nightingale.UXs delivered as streams to every set-top box enable operators efficiently to deploy services “that are equal to – or better than – experiences that run on the box itself,” says Murali Nemani, CMO, product management and marketing, ActiveVideo.There are a number of instances illustrating how Cloud UIs can bring a diversity of advanced UXs to existing set-top boxes: VoD and catch-up services with Ziggo in the Netherlands; trend-driven UIs with multiple tiles of live video on single tuner set-tops with Liberty Puerto Rico; and the complete YouTube experience to upwards of 500,000 existing STBs at UPC Hungary – all of which are ActiveVideo deployments. Similar innovation is taking place in the US, where Cablevision was the first to make the full Hulu experience available on all its current-generation boxes.Cloud-based and set-top strategies are not mutually exclusive. “You’ll see the industry continue to use the cloud to deliver TV UXs even as boxes become more capable,” says Carlucci. “We will leverage what the improved STB can do but we also will continue to see the cloud and the network evolve.”There’s a similar strategy at ActiveVideo which offers GuideCast and StreamCast products to ensure that next-generation services can be delivered at scale to set-top boxes already in customer homes, as well as to new devices coming to market.“Some [operators] are streaming the entire UX from the cloud; some are using cloud resources to complement a next-gen device strategy,” says Nemani.US cable company Charter has moved to stream its entire UX from the cloud beginning with its Spectrum Guide. Tom Rutledge, Charter president and CEO, speaking at CES last year, said: “We’re taking the intelligence out of the box and putting it into the network and making the box a thin client box so that the processing power of the box is no longer a relevant issue; the processing power moves to the network. That’s a breakthrough.”Craig Moffett, partner and senior analyst at MoffettNathanson Research, estimates that Charter will spend US$2 billion (e1.8 billion) over five years for its cloud-based guide build compared to US$8.4 billion for IP-enabled boxes – a 77% capex saving.However, some industry participants express caution. While agreeing that cloud UXs can tap “virtually unlimited back-office CPU power” Nagra believes this is “driving the industry to a position of compromise” because the functionality of a native UI/UX “cannot be replicated with today’s cloud UI offering.”Anthony Smith-Chaigneau, senior director, product marketing at Nagra, says: “Cloud UX deployment has its share of technology challenges. These include the latency of the remote control, as each action of the remote has to be transmitted to the cloud for processing. If network resources are limited it is difficult to anticipate the actual load of the network. This is the case in particular for live/linear services where each video stream is unicast.” There’s a real question about the simplicity of the set-top/CPE client, he suggests. “Both video and audio still need to be decoded, taking into account the numerous compression and transport formats, this requires a variety of computing power requirements.” Smith-Chaigneau also asks how providers like Netflix or YouTube will react to being “proxied” by a cloud infrastructure. Currently they have their UI implemented in the client device.“Ironically TV everywhere is addressing laptops, smartphones and tablets that have enormous computing power,” he says. “So with a cloud UI-UX are we just talking about the issue of ‘incapable’ set-top boxes/CPEs in the field? Is that the problem that we are addressing with this solution?” He answers his own question: “It may well be that the cloud UX is the solution for small and medium operators that want to deploy advanced services and an advanced UX without having to bear the cost of implementing a middleware in the client set-top box/CPE. It could at least support a middleware that provides mainly the video and audio rendering without a PVR, video gateway or home network. Network bandwidth still remains a challenge, but there might be fewer problems as these operators have to serve smaller number of clients.”last_img read more