Capt. Navarro: I feel very proud of my country, my government, my comrades involved and, of course, of our brave miners. We all were able to carry out the “San Lorenzo” ops. This epic event was sustained by the following concept: “We cannot spare any Chilean.” Diálogo: How did your government come to call on you to help with the rescue? Capt. Navarro: For me it was undoubtedly easier to receive suggestions from Capt. Clint Cragg because we speak in “the same language,” and I am not talking only about the English language. Another important thing was that Captain Cragg is a very empathetic man and immediately understood in what situation we were getting involved. Capt. Navarro: The Minister of Health, Mr. Jaime Mañalich, called the Commander in Chief of the Navy asking for help from sub people and Admiral González called me. My experience was very useful because the miners were living in an environment similar to a submarine on patrol. Also, my experience in planning for contingencies allowed to me to give specific recommendations. After a few days, Minister Mañalich put me in charge of keeping the miners in good physical and psychological condition until they were sent to the hospital in Copiapó. Diálogo: Did the fact that Clint Cragg also was a submarine commander give you more confidence in his suggestions? By Dialogo November 06, 2010 About Capt. Renato Navarro Diálogo: I understand you still are in touch with Clint Cragg. Do you think you’ve formed a lifelong friendship? Diálogo: Did you influence the Chilean decision-makers to incorporate some of NASA’s designs into the capsule? Currently serves as director of the submarine school “Almirante Allard.” Prior to that he was commanding officer of the Scorpène class submarine “General Carrera.” He also was commanding officer of patrol vessel “Contramaestre Micalbi,” participating in UNITAS 2004 in Perú, and PANAMAX 04 exercises. Navarro has a master’s degree in maritime and naval sciences with major in strategy and an academic degree in “strategy and crisis management.” In 2005, he attended the Peruvian Navy War College and in 2003, the Chilean Navy War Academy. Navarro graduated from the Naval Academy “Arturo Prat” in 1984. He has taught at the Chilean Navy War College since 2006. Before that, he served as a visiting professor at the Naval War Academy, Submarine School, Naval Academy “Arturo Prat” and Naval Academy “Almirante Padilla” of the Colombian Navy in Cartagena de Indias. Navarro worked with the “Scorpène” submarine class inspection team in Cartagena, Spain from 1999 to 2001. He was Chief of Operations of the Submarine Force Staff in 2007, and served on board the Submarine 209 class “Simpson” and “Thomson” and Oberon class “Obrien” between 1990 to 1998. He was “Blue Helmet” of the United Nations in UNTAC (United Nations Transitory Authority in Cambodia) in 1993. In 1986-87, he was Operation Officer and Executive Officer in PTF “Tegualda,” in Puerto Williams. Capt. Navarro was born in Santiago, Chile on September 13, 1963. He is married to Mrs. Claudia Capone – she is a computation engineer. They have four children. Capt. Renato Navarro Genta was commanding officer of “Task Group 33,” the Chilean Navy unit that was mobilized to help with the rescue of 33 trapped miners. Navarro’s unit was in charge of keeping the miners in good physical and psychological shape until they could be rescued. During the early stages of the rescue, the former Chilean submarine commander formed a special relationship with Clint Cragg, a former U.S. submarine commander who was on site as part of NASA’s health team. Capt. Navarro, in an interview with Diálogo, discussed his unit’s role in the rescue and how his relationship with Cragg helped NASA and the Chilean Navy collaborate on the design of the rescue capsule. Capt. Navarro: I would like that and also it will be an honor to maintain contact, not only professionally but personally as well; we were comrades at the job and friends, too. Diálogo: Please describe some of your feelings at seeing your work lead to such a successful outcome. Capt. Navarro: Of course, because I was in charge of the life support of every miner and the rescue capsule (or cage) was an important concern to me. NASA assisted us with very functional points in order to design and select the technologies to support our medical requirements, like the idea to use a non-rebreather air mask; monitoring heart rate, pulse, oxygen, respiration rate in real time; capacity to escape down the mine; communications; straps to secure a miner, etc.