FIFA Fever In India

first_imgIndia is ranked 133 in the world football ranking and the team has no chance of qualifying for a berth in the FIFA World Cup anytime soon. Nonetheless, it ranks third among all countries in online “world cup” searches. There’s an enormous appetite to watch football in the country. A Nielsen Global Online survey reported that half of all Indians claim to be fans and plan to watch the World Cup — the 10th highest in the world.  Soccer fans cheer coach Bob Houghton of the Indianfootball teamFrom southern Kerala to eastern Kolkata to northern Punjab, the country is in grip of football fever. Veteran sports journalist Raja Ramanna says, “Football’s not a sports story at all, it’s a love story, a long distance relationship, which is totally short of any logic behind it, as if any love story has one. For some this love story even turns into a matter of life and death.”Soccer crazy fans in north Malabar, Kerala, had burned down sub-stations for failing to supply them with electricity during the 2006 World Cup. This time they agreed to endure long power-cuts for several weeks preceding FIFA on the guarantee of uninterrupted power supply when the matches were on. Locals have erected larger than life cut-outs of their favorite players on every major crossing in the city. Flags of Brazil, Argentina, France and England flutter atop homes. The city may as well be host to the games.In West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee’s political slogan “Ma, Maati, Manush” (mother, soil, people) has been twisted to “Ma, Maati, Maradona” by fans in Kolkata, the football capital of India. This season, the virus was infused by German legend and FIFA World Cup-winning captain Lothar Matthaus, who kicked-off FIFA fever early in January. The Salt Lake Stadium in Kolkata was packed to capacity and the rest of the city peeked in to catch a glimpse of the Holy Grail of Football. With cocktails like Penalty Shootout and OffSide, Knight’s FIFA menu is a hit among footballfans in New Delhi “Soccer has always been a big passion in Bengal. Whether in office corridors or clubs, everyone can be heard talking about it,” says Kaustuv Ray, owner of a soccer team Chirag United, which plays in the national football league. The City of Joy is celebrating the ball carnival with Disco-Football, quiz shows, tattoos, face paints, etc. The opening day of the World Cup was marked with “infused chilled vodka shots and kebabs marinated with Jamaican rum” at one hotel, which is hosting country themes throughout the World Cup. Cocktails are sold at half price every time a goal is scored.The exuberance of football fans in Margao, Shillong or Kozhikode matches the best in the world. Former Indian striker I M Vijayan, who hails from Kozhikode, claims, “Even a small boy in Kozhikode has views on the prospects of each team.”The state of Goa is painted red and green for its hometown favorite Portugal. “Goa has the Portuguese influence sketched all over — in our houses, lifestyle, dancing, music, and cuisine. Little wonder that our choice of the best football team is no different,” says Savio Messias, secretary of the Goa Football Association (GFA). An ardent fan with his Argentina Bike in Kerala.PHOTO: SANDEEP VARMABut nothing can quite match the fervor of fans in South India. Brazilian or Argentinian fans are promised free auto-rickshaw rides in Malappuram in Kerala. Auto-rickshaw drivers have painted their vehicles in their favorite team colors and are offering fans free rides. “I think Brazil has more supporters than Argentina, at least in Kerala,” says a gleeful Mohammed Ali, whose rickshaw is painted yellow with green highlights. He has threatened to set his vehicle on fire if the Brazilians fail to win their sixth title.New Delhi, which is working overtime to gear up for the upcoming Commonwealth Games, is finding a welcome respite in the sport. George Mathew, owner of Castle 9 and Knight restaurants in Connaught Place, says: “Most tables are reserved in advance during FIFA. We have customers here till 1 am. The sale of beer and appetisers has risen manifold.” Mathew’s restaurants are featuring exciting football-themed menus.Several Bollywood stars are also touting their love for the game and their teams. Actor John Abraham, an avid football fan, says he wants to make a film on every conceivable team in the world. “Let’s see when it shapes up. As of now, I want Argentina to win,” he says. Shah Rukh Khan recently tweeted: “Brazil is my all time favorite, but I also love Germany, Argentina and Italy. Quite a cliched choice I know, but they are all brutal and beautiful.” Bollywood hotties Shilpa Shetty, Aishwarya Rai, Kareena Kapoor, Bipasha Basu and Deepika Padukone have all sworn allegiance to the game.Sanjay Bannerjee, sports journalist and international commentator, says: “Unlike earlier years, today media coverage for football is as vivid and extensive as cricket has been all these years.” ESPN-Star Sports, which is showcasing the 45 matches, estimates overall revenue at Rs 150 crores ($34 million) this year, which is a 300 percent jump over the 2006 FIFA World Cup. “Even before the season kicked-off, our slots were almost sold out. Advertisers in India look upon FIFA World Cup as a seriously effective way of reaching out to their target audiences,” says R C Venkateish, managing director of ESPN.  The youngest Brazilian fan in Kerala PHOTO:SANDEEP VARMAEven Indian cricket players are smitten. Test match player Ashok Malhotra says: “The 20-20 format of cricket is footballization of cricket. Had the match tenure not been shortened and power-packed, cricket would slowly have lost its No-1 position in India. We may not have a strong football team, but people’s love for the game is strong and undying in India.”His sentiment is echoed by another player Maninder Singh: “In recent years, football sure has become the new favorite of many sport lovers in India. Reason enough for the cricket brigade to work towards rekindling the fire for the sport or in time the gentlemen’s game may lose it to the beautiful game.”Shaji Prabhakaran, ex-director at the All India Football Federation (AIFF), says, “There’s no denying the fact that the craze for football is growing by each passing year. That is precisely because today’s generation is growing up watching the best of football leagues like EPL, contrasting preceding decades when media didn’t give enough coverage to international football.”The Indian media have fanned the debate, questioning the primacy of cricket to the exclusion of other sports in the country. “Brazil’s obsession with football hasn’t prevented them from producing world-class teams in a range of other sports from volleyball to basketball. We have also to create scope and opportunity for other sports to grow in India other than cricket,” says Rajdeep Sardesai, son of star cricketer Dilip Sardesai and editor-in-chief of CNN-IBN News.Mike Rehu, a senior producer for ESPN-Star Sports, says, “We believe that if we keep pushing football to the Indian people, especially with the overexposure of cricket as a game in the market, it has a really good chance of catching the imagination of the public.”In fact, football has long and deep roots in India, predating the game’s popularity in Europe and South America. The Durand Cup (1888) is the third oldest football trophy in the world. Even Spain’s beloved Real Madrid Club — the most successful football club of the 20th century — is far younger than the Calcutta Mohun Bagan Club. In 1911, a team of barefoot natives beat the East Yorkshire Regiment, shooting two consecutive goals in the last few minutes to win the Indian Football Association Shield. Next day, newspapers reported that a standing crowd of more than 60,000 viewers over-joyously sang “Vande Mataram” for a full 90 minutes.India qualified for the 1950 FIFA World Cup, but withdrew, reportedly because the players was not allowed to play barefoot. T Shanmugham, a member of the 1952 Olympic and 1951 Asian Games-winning teams recalls: “The formations have changed since then. We had five forwards, three half-backs and two full-backs. Now, all the teams have strengthened the defence, with four full-backs and four half-backs. Those days we had more attacking football. I used to play center-half.” The 90-year-old still follows the game closely.The World Cup craze has some players pining for a revival of India’s past football culture. Rurka Kalan , an unassuming village in Punjab, is hoping to become the nursery of Indian football players. The Rurka Youth Football Club won the Street Child World Cup Championship, organized in Durban earlier this year. The club was the brainchild of Gurmangal Dass Soni, a young U.S.-based NRI electronics engineer. “This was my way of marking my love for the beautiful game and my wonderful village,” says Soni.Indian football team captain Baichung Bhutia says: “We have a strong craving, the required hunger for football in India. All that is required is a better infrastructure.”   Related Itemslast_img read more

FIFA World Cup 2018 : Best assists of the tournament (with video)

first_imgAdvertisementSome goals will be remembered for the scorer while some may be remembered for the occassion but there are some goals that will be remembered for the assist. An incredible 17 players had given two assists each to lead the assists chart in this year’s world cup. While this year’s edition may have had many players on the same number of assists, the all time leading assist provider in the world cup is the legendary Brazilian player Pele.Here are the best assists of FIFA World Cup 2018 : (In no particular order)Lionel Messi to Sergio Aguero vs France :Nicolai Jørgensen to Christian Eriksen vs Australia :Luis Suarez to Edinson Cavani vs Portugal :Jesse Lingard to Dele Alli vs Sweden :Philipe Coutinho to Augusto vs Belgium :James Rodriguez to Juan Cuadrado vs Poland :Romelu Lukaku to Kevin De Bruyne vs Brazil : Read also :FIFA World Cup 2018 : Top goals of the tournament ( with videos)FIFA World Cup 2018 : Best matches of the tournament (with video highlights) Advertisementlast_img read more

Novak Djokovic survives scare to reach Monte Carlo third round

first_imgNovak Djokovic, playing his first match on clay since winning the French Open last year, was kept on court for more than 2 and a half hours by Frenchman Gilles Simon.Back from an elbow injury, Djokovic looked a bit rusty and made a flurry of unforced errors, but the two-time champion prevailed 6-3, 3-6, 7-5 to move into the third round.Simon broke for 5-4 in the decider with a forehand down the line, but Djokovic won the next three games and sealed victory when his opponent sent a forehand long on match point. (Kvitova enters French Open draw four months after knife attack)Back on court for the first time since the birth of his son, Jo-Wilfried Tsonga was upset by a qualifier in the second round of the Monte Carlo Masters on Tuesday.The seventh-seeded Tsonga lost to fellow Frenchman Adrian Mannarino 6-7 (3), 6-2, 6-3 in the first big tournament of the clay-court swing.A two-time semifinalist at the Country Club, Tsonga had not played since losing his opening match to Fabio Fognini at Indian Wells in early March. Tsonga then took time off following the birth of his first child, Shugar, on March 18.The 10th-ranked Tsonga led 3-0 in the first set, but then struggled with the good mix of baseline shots and slices from Mannarino.Mannarino broke Tsonga six times and will next face Lucas Pouille or Paolo Lorenzi.No. 16 seed Pablo Cuevas joined Djokovic in the third round with a 6-3, 6-3 defeat of Joao Sousa.advertisementPouille advanced to the second round with a 6-2, 6-4 win over American Ryan Harrison and Lorenzi defeated Marcel Granollers 6-2, 6-4.Veteran Tommy Haas, the oldest player in the draw at 39, ousted Frenchman Benoit Paire 6-2, 6-3 to set up a meeting with ninth-seeded Tomas Berdych in the second round. (Former runner-up Tomas Berdych progresses in Monte Carlo Masters)last_img read more

Gylfi Sigurdsson’s stunner sees Everton past Hajduk Split and into group stage

first_img Hajduk Split v Everton: Europa League qualifying play-off, second leg – live! Share via Email Reuse this content Read more Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Messenger Hajduk Split Everton Share on WhatsApp Topics Everton secured their place in Friday’s Europa League draw after further evidence in Croatia on Thursday night that Ronald Koeman’s rebuilding of the team is bearing fruit. If an abracadabra goal from the manager’s latest recruit, Gylfi Sigurdsson, 13 seconds into the second half was the best moment, Jordan Pickford’s penalty save on 65 minutes further deflated Hajduk Split. Share on LinkedIn Share on Pinterest match reports Europa League Joan Antoni Carrillo’s team, trailing 2-0 from last week’s first leg at Goodison Park, had brought Stadion Poljud to the boil two minutes before the interval when a thunderous, dipping effort from Josip Radosevic beat Pickford in the Everton goal. The Merseyside club, unbeaten this season, controlled much of the half with another measured, disciplined performance but Radosevic’s effort could easily have unnerved them.Koeman brought on Aaron Lennon at half-time for his first appearance since he suffered mental health problems in the summer. If that cheered Evertonians and neutrals in equal measure, Sigurdsson’s stunning goal on his full debut went further. The Iceland international, a £45m club record signing from Swansea, closed down a loose ball on the right and as he was falling backwards, sent a looping, angled volley over the goalkeeper Dante Stipica and into the back of the net from 50 yards.“I saw Gylfi’s goal, but I don’t think everyone on the bench did. It was incredible. I don’t have any other word for it,” Koeman said. “You need to be clever to see that possibility and after two or three weeks of the season, it could be the goal of the season [already]. It was really important to be level so quickly in the second half.”It meant Split needed three goals, a tall order against a team as well drilled as Everton, who had only conceded once, at Manchester City, before this game.Yet the hosts should have regained their lead on the night when Ashley Williams conceded a penalty for a clumsy challenge. Ahmed Said won a heated debate about who was going to take it, which did little for an eventual spot kick that was well saved by Pickford. “The penalty save was key as well because there were still 30 minutes to go at that time,” said Koeman.Everton travel to Chelsea on Sunday and Koeman revealed the Senegal midfelder Idrissa Gueye had been rested with a slight hamstring problem. last_img read more

Review Process Streamlined for Auto Insurance Rate Decreases

first_imgThe province announced today, Jan. 30, new regulatory guidelines to streamline the review process for insurance companies aiming to decrease automobile insurance rates. The guidelines specify a 20-day timeline for the Nova Scotia Insurance Review Board to evaluate basic applications for rate decreases. “We have a good system in Nova Scotia for regulating auto insurance rates. Rates have come down, and we want that trend to continue,” said Michael Baker, Minister responsible for the Insurance Act. “The new guidelines will promote timely processing and implementation of lower insurance rates.” The guidelines clarify section 155(B) of the Insurance Act that provides an expedited process for insurance companies filing applications to decrease rates for commercial and private passenger auto insurance. The guidelines do not affect separate sections of the act dealing with rate increases or other complex filings. The guidelines also set an implementation deadline for insurance companies, so that rate decreases become effective no later than 45 days from date of filing. In 2006, the board received 42 applications from insurance companies proposing rate changes for commercial and private passenger auto insurance. Several companies are implementing rate reductions this month. Mr. Baker said he expects to see more rate reduction applications in the coming months, as companies react to lower rates of their competitors. “A timely process will help companies apply for rate decreases. I think the industry recognizes the need to reduce rates when they are in a position to do so.” The board will start immediately to incorporate the new guidelines. As of Sept. 1, 2006, Nova Scotians paid average rates of $822 for auto insurance compared to $1,048 in August 2003, before the province introduced a series of reforms to the insurance industry.last_img read more

Xiaomi redefined Indian market not worried about copycat players Manu Jain

first_imgNew Delhi: Xiaomi has completely redefined the Indian market, first by creating value-for-money yet powerful smartphones and then branching out with successful sub-brands like Redmi — a formula that new entrants are now adopting and building their presence on, Manu Jain, Managing Director, Xiaomi India, and Vice President, Xiaomi said here on Wednesday. Without naming Realme that has been growing fast in India, Jain told IANS that other companies have started launching different brands, sub-brands and “series” smartphones for the Indian market which was initiated by them. “Imitation is a sincerest form of flattery. We have changed the game and redefined how smartphone markets should behave and are not worried at all about the competition,” Jain told IANS on the sidelines of the Redmi K20, K20 Pro smartphones launch in the country. Manu Jain’s first Twitter outburst in 2019 was against Chinese smartphone brand Realme where he hit out at Realme 3 Pro that features Qualcomm Snapdragon 710, saying this is older than Snapdragon 675 used in Xiaomi’s latest device Redmi Note 7 Pro. Madhav Sheth, the CEO of Realme India which became the fastest vendor to sell six million units after its debut in May 2018, reacted, saying Xiaomi is “insecure” of its success in the country. “Someone is afraid,” Seth had tweeted. “People used to mock us five years back. They used to say our strategy would not work in India, including the ones who have now copied our path and our strategies. “We have recently launched Mi Express Kiosks that allow consumers and Mi Fans to purchase Xiaomi smartphones and mobile accessories directly. By the time someone would copy this, we will be at another level. We would always stay ahead in terms of innovation,” stressed Jain. Xiaomi and Samsung are the arch rivals in the India smartphone market but it doesn’t mean they do not have anything to learn from each other. Jain said the company is learning from other brands, including the offline giant Samsung, in its push for retail sales in the country. “Competition is always there. There are certain brands we respect and learn a lot from them. When we started our offline journey, we followed Samsung’s approach and learnt how to expand our business offline in the country,” Jain told IANS. According to market research firm Counterpoint Research, aggressive offline expansion helped Xiaomi retain its top position in the India smartphone market in the first quarter of 2019 with a 29 per cent share, though its shipments declined by two per cent year-over-year. Realme continued to figure among top five brands for the second successive quarter. Five years back, Jain said, the company’s motive was to survive and build something meaningful for the Indian consumers. “Now we are number one smartphone maker in India wirh 50 per cent market online share. In the next five years, we would focus upon other consumer electronics segments and look forward to become number one there too,” said the Xiaomi India head. Xiaomi has now set a target of opening 10,000 retail stores in the country and aims to have 50 per cent of its smartphone sales in India from offline channels by the end of this year.last_img read more

Revisiting The Greatest Show On Turf

Fifteen years ago, Mike Martz had a radical notion: “Why does the run have to set up the pass?”That, according to Sports Illustrated’s Peter King, was the question the new St. Louis Rams offensive coordinator posed to his head coach, Dick Vermeil, as they prepared for the coming NFL season in June 1999. It was to be Vermeil’s third in St. Louis, and judging from the press clippings, probably his last if things didn’t change in a hurry.1Things did change in a hurry, but it was still Vermeil’s last year with the team — just not for the reason fans expected before the season. Over the previous two seasons, Vermeil had coached the Rams to 23 losses and only nine wins, with an offense that ranked 23rd out of 30 NFL teams in passing efficiency and 26th in scoring.Then came Martz. “I don’t know of any assistant coach that came in, at any one time, in any one program, and made as big a contribution as Mike did at that time,” Vermeil said in a recent interview. In his estimation, Martz’s contribution to the Rams2Along with those of wide receivers coach Al Saunders, offensive line coach John Matsko, and strength coach Dana LeDuc. was equivalent to that of a first-round pick — and that’s not a hard case to make. Upon Martz’s arrival, the Rams went from laughingstocks to Super Bowl champs with an explosive attack that came to be known as the “Greatest Show on Turf.”It was, at the time, the third-most potent scoring offense and the second-most efficient passing attack3By adjusted net yards per attempt generated above league average. the league had seen in its modern incarnation.4Going back to 1970, the year of the AFL-NFL merger. And of even more historical significance, the Rams did it before the league became fixated on throwing the ball.While the longtime mantra of football coaches everywhere had been to “establish the run” before passing, Martz’s plan was to aggressively pass the ball until the Rams had a lead worth protecting with the run. Stocked with speed everywhere and willing to throw in any situation, the Greatest Show on Turf proved that pass-first teams could win championships, and it heralded the passing fireworks we see in the NFL today.“If you go back and look at the other teams of that era, the ‘conventional’ teams that you were competing with, [the Rams were] the aberration of the day,” said former Baltimore Ravens coach and current NFL Network analyst Brian Billick, whose head-coaching debut came against the Rams in their 1999 regular-season opener. “St. Louis was so far ahead. It’s hard to say [they were] ‘pass-happy’ because they actually ran the ball pretty well,” he said. “But there’s no question they wanted to throw the ball.”As Billick noted, St. Louis still could run effectively — running back Marshall Faulk racked up the NFL’s fifth-most rushing yards in 1999 — but that wasn’t the team’s focus. The Rams anticipated what statistical analysts would eventually come to learn about football: Teams run when they win; they don’t win when they run. After using all that passing to build early leads, St. Louis rushed on the league’s sixth-largest proportion of its second-half plays — and no team devoted more of its fourth-quarter plays to running the ball. Martz had successfully flipped conventional football wisdom on its head, using the pass to set up the run just as he had set out to do.And ever since the Greatest Show on Turf hit the NFL scene, the league has trended toward ever more (and more effective) passing, further enabled by rule changes designed to incentivize every team to spread the field and throw the ball aggressively.The genesis of the Rams’ aggressive strategy came when Martz was coaching quarterbacks for the Washington Redskins a year earlier. As ESPN analyst Ron Jaworski tells the story in his book “The Games That Changed The Game,” Martz realized that his pass-heavy third-down play packages were too effective to be confined to such a narrow situation.5Despite relatively average yards-per-play numbers across all situations, Washington had ranked fourth in the league in third-down conversion rate in 1997. “Since we both love these plays so much,” Martz asked head coach Norv Turner, “why can’t we run them whenever we want? Why wait till third down?”“So what happened was that we decided to run these third-and-long plays regardless of down and distance or field position,” Martz told Jaworski. “To us it simply didn’t matter anymore. This kept defenses guessing — they couldn’t zero in on our tendencies, personnel packages, or formations, because they’d always have to be ready for the big pass.”Armed with such convention-breaking ideas, Martz represented the most revolutionary branch of the coaching tree originally planted by retired San Diego Chargers coach Don Coryell. Martz’s preferred offensive system, nicknamed “Air Coryell” for its emphasis on defense-stretching pass plays, wasn’t new; as the name implied, the system was first developed by Coryell in the 1960s at San Diego State, and later used to great effect at the NFL level by the Chargers of the early ’80s.6Under the coordination of Turner, another Coryell acolyte, the Dallas Cowboys had won multiple Super Bowls running the offense in the early 1990s. But it had never been taken to the extremes Martz envisioned upon joining the Rams staff.During the 1998 season, just three teams passed on more than 50 percent of their first-down plays.7When the score was close, and filtering out late-game situations. Running the West Coast Offense under coach Mike Holmgren, the Green Bay Packers threw in a league-high 57 percent of those situations — but gained an average of only 5.8 yards per attempt.8By comparison, the league average across all passes that season was 6.8 yards. This was an artifact of the West Coast’s philosophy, which had overtaken the league in the two decades since its creation by legendary coach Bill Walsh. Similar to Coryell’s scheme, Walsh’s offense emphasized passing over rushing, but it focused on stretching the field horizontally with short passes as a means of ball control. By contrast, Martz wanted to throw early and often, but also sought to stretch the field with deep passing.“If you’ve got a Mercedes,” Martz said at the time, “you don’t keep it in the garage.”After an offseason overhaul, the Rams possessed the football equivalent of German engineering under the hood. First, they signed accurate passer Trent Green9Fresh off a career season under Martz in Washington. to conduct Martz’s mad experiment from behind center. Then, capitalizing on a brewing contract dispute with the Indianapolis Colts, St. Louis heisted Faulk in a trade, giving up just a pair of draft picks for the league’s best all-around running back. Days later, they used the sixth overall pick in the draft on Torry Holt, anticipating a productive pairing at wide receiver with former Pro Bowler Isaac Bruce returning from injury. Even the role players, such as second-year receiver Az-Zahir Hakim, had otherworldly speed.Vermeil was already a longtime Air Coryell believer,10“I had run it myself in Philadelphia on a smaller-volume scale in the late ’70s and early ’80s,” he said. and had been trying to install the offense in St. Louis for two years, but lacked the proper personnel. “We had the foundation of it, installed by [former offensive coordinator] Jerry Rhome, the first two years I was there,” Vermeil told me. “I had actually limited [the playbook’s] growth my second year there because we couldn’t complete in the high 60 percent of our throws. So I instructed people to cut back in the volume, hoping that we could improve the execution and the completion percentage.”With Martz, Faulk, Bruce, Green and Holt in place, such cutbacks were no longer necessary. In the preseason of 1999, Green completed 28 of 32 passes (88 percent) before suffering a season-ending knee injury in the team’s third game. When unheralded backup Kurt Warner stepped in, Vermeil said, Martz and the coaching staff “made no adjustments” to the offensive scheme.True to Vermeil’s expectations, Warner ended up completing 65.1 percent of his passes, which at the time was the third-best single-season completion percentage by any quarterback ever.11Among quarterbacks with 450 attempts. In addition, the Rams came within striking distance of the 1989 San Francisco 49ers’ mark for the NFL’s second-most efficient passing offense since the merger12Relative to league average.More importantly, the Rams proved that a team could win without establishing the ground game before unleashing holy terror through the air. On first downs,13Again, when the score was close, and filtering out late-game situations. St. Louis passed a league-high 59 percent of the time, and gained 7.6 yards per attempt on those throws (11 percent more than the NFL average on all attempts that year) and scored a touchdown on 7.4 percent of them (almost twice the league average across all attempts). On the whole, the Rams passed 5.4 percent more than would be expected from their +9.1 average in-game scoring margin — still the biggest disparity by any Super Bowl winner since the merger.“The spread-out type of system, it really did begin with them, because they were so explosive,” Billick told me. “It was a little bit different [from their contemporaries], but they were very successful with it. Kurt Warner made it work, and they spread you out in a way that very few teams could spread you out — that looks, today, very familiar.”Although no one knew it at the time, the Rams were at the leading edge of something that was about to take over pro football. The NFL’s average passer rating in 1999 was 75.1 — essentially the same as it had been for a decade — and Warner’s 109.2 rate led the league by a mile. It was, at the time, the second-highest single-season mark ever. Within five years, though, the league-average rating had eclipsed 80.0 for the first time ever, with two players14Peyton Manning and Daunte Culpepper. surpassing Warner’s rating from 1999. By last season, the average NFL passer rating was 84.1, with Warner’s 1999 mark dropping to 10th all time. Because of their sheer effectiveness, pass-first offensive philosophies have gone from the vanguard (see Coryell’s Chargers, or the various Run-and-Shoot teams of the ’90s) to commonplace over the last 15 years.The conventional narrative is that Bill Belichick’s New England Patriots finally solved Martz’s offense in Super Bowl XXXVI, limiting the Rams to 17 points by making Faulk a non-factor. But St. Louis still moved the ball well in the loss, amassing 427 total yards while Faulk notched 130 yards from scrimmage.15In other words, if not for three turnovers, the Rams would likely have won another Super Bowl in 2002. And after a disastrous 7-9 season in 2002, a reloaded version of the Greatest Show on Turf emerged behind another obscure QB (Marc Bulger) to tie for second in the NFL in scoring during the 2003 season.16Ranking behind only Vermeil and Green’s Kansas City Chiefs. The true end came later, as the Rams’ talent scattered. Faulk retired in 2006, while Bruce, Holt and All-Decade left tackle Orlando Pace donned unfamiliar uniforms in their twilight years. Martz took his system to Detroit, San Francisco and Chicago, garnering mixed reviews when lesser talents were plugged in.To the coaches, then, the Greatest Show on Turf was really about the perfect marriage of a high-powered strategy and a gifted roster.“This game has been, is now, and always will be about talent,” Billick said. “Taking nothing away from the system, you’re talking about Hall of Famers like Marshall Faulk, Kurt Warner — who I believe will be in the Hall of Fame — the talents of an Isaac Bruce and Torry Holt … These were unique talents that the system adapted to very, very well.”Vermeil concurred. “Very few teams ever have that kind of skill, at one time, on their side of the line of scrimmage,” he said.It was those players who allowed Martz’s progressive game-planning to thrive, and it was his system that showcased their skills. His fingerprints can still be seen on the league 15 years later.Thanks to Grantland’s Chris Brown for help with this article. read more

Victims of WCh 2019 PlayOff – Gaber and Potic to miss decisive

← Previous Story WCh 2019 Play-Off: Draw in Belarus, Portugal with -7 from Serbia Next Story → Bartosz Jurecki to become Azoty Pulawy head-coach matej gaberNikola Potic Slovenia will play without Matej Gaber in the second match in Veszprem. One of the most important Slovenian players suffered eye-injury in 23rd minute of the first clash with Hungary 29:34 and won’t be able to help his team-mates on Wednesday.Veselin Vujovic is in tough position before the second match as his crucial defensive player has to keep himself out of any activities for the next 14 days.Even worse suffered Serbian right back Nikola Potic, the new signing of Croatian PPD Zagreb. The 200 cm tall right back suffered achille-tendon injury after only few minutes on the court in Serbian win over Portugal 28:21. He will be out for a couple of months.Portugal will try to reach their first WOrld Championship since 2003, when they were organizers. read more

Thunderstorms and heavy showers with a bit of sun its a wet

first_img Source: ReactionGifsThere may be sunny intervals, but highest temperatures will be 15 – 18 degrees, while winds will be “moderate to fresh”.Tonight, showers will be heavy and even thundery along the Atlantic seaboard.Tomorrow will see more showers or outbreaks of rain.As the week goes on, we will see showers becoming more widespread on Wednesday, but some sunny intervals too.Thursday will also have (you guessed it) sunny intervals and scattered showers, while Friday will have cloud and sunny intervals.Well, the heat was nice while it lasted. Source: ReactionGifsRead: Thanks, Bertha: Weather warning remains for Leinster as tail-end of hurricane passes over> Source: Video TheJournal.ie/YouTubeHOPEFULLY WE WON’T see any repeat of the video above during the forecasted rain and thunderstorms this week.We’ve already had a weather warning as the tail-end of Hurricane Bertha passed over us.And if we were under any doubt that the weather had changed, Met Éireann says that we can expect a wet week ahead.Today, there will be showers in western and northwestern counties, which will spread to all counties in the early part of the day.We can also expect heavy showers up to late evening, with “thunderstorms likely to break out locally”.last_img read more

Geek Answers Why do wheels seem to spin backwards at high speeds

first_imgWe’ve all seen it before: a object, that we know is spinning, appears to be turning backwards when we know for a fact that it’s doing exactly the opposite. Why does that clockwise motion appear to be counterclockwise (or vice versa) to our eyes?The answer (or answers) to this quandary begins on the silver screen, since the effect is extremely simple to produce with an ordinary film camera. Because movie cameras capture video as a series of still frames, and the wheel it’s filming moves continuously without such discrete states, some artifacts are bound to pop up in the interaction. In the case of a video camera, or in real life with strobed lighting, the periods of visibility broken by periods of invisibility will interact with frequency of the rotation of the wheel. This so-called Wagon Wheel Effect can, but does not always, produce the illusion that a car’s wheel (or other object) is stationary, or even rotating in the wrong direction.Imagine if one spoke of an old wooden wagon wheel is a twelve o’clock in the first frame of a movie, and the wheel is rotating clockwise. In the time it takes two switch to and take the second frame, that spoke has moved, say, three quarters of a full revolution, and is now at 9 o’clock. In the third frame, it will be at 6 o’clock, then 3. Over these four frames the spoke seems to have moved counter-clockwise, from 12 to 9 to 6 to 3, but in reality it has moved clockwise continuously, with no particular stops at any point in the rotation. If the frequencies had lined up perfectly, and the spoke returned to 12 for each frame, the wheel would have looked totally still.However, the human eye is not subject to this framed effect — or is it? As mentioned, a strobed light-source can do the trick, as can a vibration in the eyeball itself. One researcher found the wagon wheel effect could be produced simply by humming a particular tone to vibrate his eye. More advanced theory puts the blame on the brain itself, which may process visual information as a series of data-points not precisely like the frames of a movie — but not all that unlike them, either.The Necker Cube is a good example of conceptual typing by the brain.The major competing explanation is more abstract. Essentially, the brain seems to create explanations for ambiguous input, applying some reasonable physical understanding to input that might not have an obvious meaning. One study found that two identical rotating wheels can be seen as rotating in opposite directions even when displayed side by side — those they are exactly the same, the brain might latch on to one explanation for one, and another for the other.The classic example of such conceptualization of physical space by the brain is the Necker cube, which can pop from one configuration to another. It’s not just that you can see either shape in the lines, but that once you see one the other becomes unthinkable — until you see that one, which then seems just as obviously the correct interpretation. These two theories have varying levels of support throughout the scientific community at present, but each likely has something to do with the effect, as we perceive it.last_img read more

Late Bonner goal clinches win for Tipp as Forde hits 29 against

first_img Tipperary’s Patrick Maher in action against Wexford’s Liam Ryan. Image: Ken Sutton/INPHO Share23 Tweet Email Feb 17th 2018, 8:42 PM Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article 27 Comments Saturday 17 Feb 2018, 8:42 PM 29,964 Views https://the42.ie/3857912 Tipperary’s Patrick Maher in action against Wexford’s Liam Ryan. Late Bonner goal clinches win for Tipp as Forde hits 2-9 against Wexford Six points separated the teams at Semple Stadium tonight. Image: Ken Sutton/INPHO By Fintan O’Toole Short URL Follow us: the42.ie 19. Conor Firman (St Martin’s)2. Damien Reck (Oylgate-Glenbrien)3. Liam Ryan (Rapparees)9. Shaun Murphy (Oulart-the-Ballagh)7. Diarmuid O’Keeffe (St Anne’s)6. Matthew O’Hanlon (St James – joit captain)5. Paudie Foley (Crossabeg-Ballymurn)8. Kevin Foley (Rapparees)10. Aidan Nolan (Half Way House Bunclody)12. Jack O’Connor (St Martin’s)11. David Dunne (Davidstown-Courtnacuddy)14. Lee Chin (Faythe Harriers – joint captain)13. Paul Morris (Ferns St Aidan’s)15. Conor McDonald (Naomh Eanna)Subs22. Rory O’Connor (St Martin’s) for Morris (48)21. Cathal Dunbar (Ballygarrett) for Dunne (58)20. Harry Kehoe (Cloughbawn) for Murphy (62)18. Eanna Martin (Carrickshock, Kilkenny) for O’Keeffe (70)Referee: James McGrath (Westmeath)The42 is on Instagram! Tap the button below on your phone to follow us! Tipperary 3-21Wexford 1-21Fintan O’Toole reports from Semple StadiumTIPPERARY GOT OVER the finish line first in Thurles tonight as Patrick Bonner Maher slammed home an injury-time goal that ensured they would deprive Wexford of capping their second-half comeback with a positive result.Outplayed in the phase before half-time Wexford faced a seven-point deficit entering the second half but they chipped away at it manfully with Lee Chin spearheading their challenge as he finished with 0-10.They couldn’t find a way to hit the net though with goalkeeper Daragh Mooney producing a couple of outstanding saves to deny Wexford’s Conor McDonald.Jason Forde finished with 2-9 to his credit for Tipperary while Bonner chipped in with 1-2 and Michael Ryan saw 11 of his players get on the scoresheet. Success means Tipperary go top of the Division 1A league table on scoring difference as they have recovered from an opening loss to Clare and Wexford suffered their first defeat of the campaign.The opening half produced a pair of goals, Jason Forde finishing delightfully to the net for Tipperary in the 13th minute after Sean Curran swept the ball across.Wexford countered five minutes later as Kevin Foley’s vision saw him float a hand pass into the path of Lee Chin and he was grounded by Barry Heffernan. Aidan Nolan’s finish was sound from the resultant penalty and a green flag was raised.A Paul Morris free quickly after Nolan’s goal edged Wexford ahead 1-7 to 1-4 but they trailed 1-15 to 1-8 at the break after Tipperary had dominated in several sectors of the pitch in the build-up to half-time.Jason Forde found the net once more in the 44th minute and with 11 minutes of normal time left Tipperary were 2-20 to 1-14 clear. But Wexford reeled off five points without reply and after Padraic Maher landed a storming point from distance, Chin picked off a brace of points to cut the gap to three.The home support in the crowd of 8,358 were growing nervous but Bonner Maher intervened with a clinical strike to the net to copperfasten victory.Scorers for Tipperary: Jason Forde 2-9 (0-8f, 0-1 sideline), Patrick Maher 1-2, John McGrath 0-2, Donagh Maher, Barry Heffernan, Padraic Maher, Ronan Maher, Sean Curran, Noel McGrath, Michael Breen, Billy McCarthy 0-1 each.Scorers for Wexford: Lee Chin 0-10 (0-4f, 0-2 ’65), Paul Morris 0-3 (0-3f), Aidan Nolan 1-0 (1-0 pen), Jack O’Connor, Kevin Foley 0-2 each, Shaun Murphy, Conor McDonald, David Dunne, Rory O’Connor 0-1 each.Tipperary1. Daragh Mooney (Éire Óg Annacarty-Donahill)2. Seán O’Brien (Newport)3. James Barry (Upperchurch-Drombane)23. Donagh Maher (Burgess)5. Barry Heffernan (Nenagh Éire Óg)6. Padraic Maher (Thurles Sarsfields – captain)7. Paudie Feehan (Killenaule)8. Brendan Maher (Borris-Ileigh)9. Ronan Maher (Thurles Sarsfields)10. Seán Curran (Mullinahone)11. Noel McGrath (Loughmore-Castleiney)12.Patrick Maher (Lorrha-Dorrha)13. Michael Breen (Ballina)14. Jason Forde (Silvermines)15. John McGrath (Loughmore-Castleiney)Subs24. Billy McCarthy (Thurles Sarsfields) for Heffernan (53)18. Ger Browne (Knockavilla Donaskeigh Kickhams) for Curran (60)26. Mark Russell (Lattin-Cullen) for Breen (60)Wexford1. Mark Fanning (Glynn-Barntown) Monaghan star McCarthy hits 1-6 as UCD claim second Sigerson title in three yearsArdscoil Rís crowned Munster champions for fifth time this decade after 11-point final winlast_img read more

2nd King Tide Flooding Event held in Hollywood

first_imgHOLLYWOOD, FLA. (WSVN) – Flooded streets in Hollywood became the setting for an event aimed at raising awareness of global sea level rise.Over 100 people waded through floodwaters at the corner of Adams Street and 10th Avenue for the Second Annual King Tide Flooding Event, Sunday morning.King tides occur when the Earth and the moon come closer together and tides rise higher than normal. This results in street flooding across many of South Florida’s coastal areas.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.last_img

Heavy rains lash Rajamahendravaram

first_imgRajamahendravaram: The people got a sigh of relief from high temperatures as heavy rain lashed the city here on Thursday evening. Many low-lying areas such as Tummalava, Innispeta, Krishna Nagar. Sitampeta, Aryapuram and Ramachandraraopeta submerged in the rainwater. Drain water also came on the roads as silt was not cleared in many drains.last_img

Man kills wife over heated argument

first_imgQutbullahpur: A husband kil led his wife at Qutbullahpur area under Dundigal police station limits on Thursday. According to the police, a person named Prabhakar (50) had an argument with his wife Ramadevi (43) over some family issues on Thursday morning.Aggravated Prabhakar suddenly took a rod and hit on his wife’s head several times, due to which she received serious blood injuries and succumbed to death on the spot. On receipt of information, police registered a case under Section 302 IPC and began hunt for for the accused who was at large.last_img

Sharad Pawar urges Maharashtra govt to waive farmers loans in

first_imgMumbai: Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) chief Sharad Pawar on Thursday urged the Maharashtra government to waive loans of farmers who hail from flood-affected areas in the state. The NCP also said all public representatives of the party will donate one month’s salary for flood relief. Over two lakh people have been rescued and evacuated to safer places in Maharashtra, according to official estimates. Also Read – War propaganda delays removal of internet restriction in Jammu and Kashmir Advertise With Us The state is now grappling with a severe flood situation following incessant rains. A total of 2,03,168 people have been saved in the rescue operations till Thursday evening, Chief Minister’s Office said. A total of 43 teams from multiple agencies including NDRF, SDRF and Indian Navy teams have been deployed in the state 125 boats have been deployed in flood-affected Sangli and Kolhapur districts. NDRF rescued over 3,500 people from Kolhapur. As many as 27 people have died due to floods in five districts of Pune division while more than two lakh people have been evacuated to safer places from three districts of Kolhapur, Sangli, and Satara.last_img read more

24 travel agencies fined in Sylhet

first_imgA mobile court in Sylhet on Monday fined 24 travel agencies a combined Tk 475,000 for various irregularities and not having legal papers, reports UNB.Five teams led by five executive magistrates conducted drives against illegal travel agencies in the town.Police arrested Hera of UCS Education, Mahbub of Reach Reliance and an employee of Jakir Education from West World Shopping City at Zindabazar.They were awarded one month jail term and fined Tk 20,000 each.Executive magistrate Helal Chowdhury passed the order.In the meantime, executive magistrate Irtiza Hasan led a drive in Ambarkhana area and fined Tk 20,000 to Abu Syed Enterprise, Tk 25,000 to Travel Time, Tk 5,000 to Jilani Air International, Tk 20,000 to Miraj Air International, Tk 20,000 to J Square Consultancy, Tk 20,000 to Ranger International, and Tk 30,000 to New Jannat Travels.Deputy commissioner Ashraful Hoque led a drive at Rose View Complex in Upashahar area and fined Tk 20,000 to Abid Overseas, Tk 15,000 to Assalam Hajj and Omra, Tk 20,000 to Alkefa, Tk 20,000 to Khaja Air International Service and Tk 10,000 to White Travels.last_img read more

The Best in SciFi Books This Week 92118

first_img Netflix Axes ‘The OA’ Sci-Fi Series After 2 Seasons‘Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy’ Becomes Mostly Harm… Stay on target I’m not going to lie, readers. It was a pretty quiet week on the science-fiction front. While there were slim pickings on the ground, that doesn’t mean the books, essays, and news that dropped this week are any less interesting. If anything, now they get a bigger platform so, ha!RECOMMENDED READINGThis week we have a novelette about the last days of Earth, a story about battle mechs, an homage to Shadowrun, and a tale of street-racing in the neon-lit world of future Tokyo.NINE LAST DAYS ON PLANET EARTH AdChoices广告A short thirty-two paged read from author Daryl Gregory, Nine Last Days on Planet Earth is exactly what it says on the tin. When alien seeds rain down across the planet, evolution goes haywire. An apocalypse blossoms across the planet with every living creature down to the small microbe either dying out completely or suffering from biological upheaval. Can one person solve the mystery before it’s too late?MECHA SAMURAI EMPIRE From the mind of Peter Tieryas comes this piece of military science-fiction. Set in an alternate reality where the Axis Powers won World War II, Mecha Samurai Empire is the story of Californian Makoto Fujimoto. Makoto is a young man who dreams of graduating from Imperial high school and becoming a mech pilot. The only problem? His grades are terrible. When his attempt to cheat the test goes awry, Makoto is thrust into a wider world of political tension. The publisher describes the novel as The Man in the Castle meets Pacific Rim, which is honestly the only pitch you should need.NECROTECH K.C. Alexander’s new SINless series starts out with a bang. Both Necrotech and the second book Nanoshock dropped at the same time, giving fans of cyberpunk hours of enjoyment. Necrotech follows Riko, a memory-wiped woman on a mission: to help her girlfriend who’s been turned into a tech-fueled zombie. Even if that means she’ll have to dive into a corporate conspiracy that could forever alter what it means to be human. Fans of Mass Effect might recognize Alexander’s name: she’s the co-author of Bioware’s novel Mass Effect Andromeda: Nexus Uprising.WILDCARDEarlier this year, author New York Times bestselling author Marie Lu began a new YA series with Warcross. Set in a world where a game called Warcross has taken over the public imagination, it followed Emika Chen, a teenage hacker turned bounty hunter who ends up getting caught and cutting a deal to work with Warcross’ billionaire creator to keep the game say. Wildcard picks up in the aftermath. Armed with dangerous information about the NeuroLink algorithm, Emika is on the run from billionaire corporate goons who want her dead.NEWSAuthor Mary Robinette Kowal (who was recently highlighted in this column for her novel The Fated Sky) revealed that she has new more books in the works set in the same universe. The Relentless Moon will be released in 2020, which The Derivative Base following in 2022. ENTERTAINMENT BUZZDark Horse’s comic Resident Alien is coming to SYFY in the near future and they’ve just cast their lead: Alan Tudyk. SYFY Wire announced Tudyk has come aboard to play Harry Vanderspeigle, an alien who crash lands on Earth and must attempt to fit in. He does this by taking over the body and identity of said Harry, a Colorado doctor. FURTHER READING Head over to Tor.com and read Todd McAulty’s ode to droids with “The Greatest Science Fiction Robots Of All Time.” In no particular order, McAulty lovingly ranks robots both well-known and obscure that have captured his imagination over the years. Check it out and see if your favorite made the list.center_img Science Fiction in all its forms has become such a part of our society and bridged the gap from a niche genre to pop culture phenomenon. There is something for everyone if you dig deep enough. Try some of the 11 Sci-Fi Recipes you can make right now. There are a ton of amazing Sci-Fi TV shows to binge right now. We also have a list of the Best Sci-Fi On Netflix. You’ll find something you love in the world of Science Fiction for sure right here.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey.last_img read more

Its Open Season on Unsecured Research Robots

first_img Smart homes aren’t the only automated facilities under threat from hackers.A new study from Brown University shows that research robots are often left unsecured on the Internet.Based on a worldwide scan of hosts running the popular Robot Operating System (ROS) research robotics platform, the team uncovered some 100 exposed networks—as many as 19 of which are probably fully operational robots.AdChoices广告Researchers demonstrated how easy it is to remotely control unprotected androids, spying on camera feeds and even sending commands to move the machines. (Imagine an insentient cyborg suddenly coming to life, waving its arms, stomping its feet, scaring the life out of you.)“Though a few unsecured robots might not seem like a critical issue,” the group said, “our study has shown that a number of research robots [are] accessible and controllable from the public Internet.“It’s likely these robots can be remotely actuated in ways [that are] dangerous to both the robot and the human operators.”The dominant platform in research robotics, ROS is like an automated central nervous system, tying various components into one master computing node. Using an external computer and network connection, the human operator connects to that system to give commands.“ROS is a great tool for robotics research, but the designers explicitly left security to the end users,” roboticist and study co-author Stefanie Tellex said in a statement.Well, that was your first mistake.“It doesn’t require any authentication to connect to a ROS master,” Tellex explained. “Which means if you’re running ROS and it’s not behind a firewall, anyone can connect to your robot.”To test that theory, Tellex and colleague George Konidaris drafted Brown security expert Vasileios Kemerlis and network expert Rodrigo Fonseca for an experiment.“Our group has the ability to basically do a worldwide scan of the Internet,” Fonseca said. “So we started thinking about ways we could scan for ROS devices in a way that wouldn’t be disruptive, but would give us an idea what’s out there.”With the help of graduate student Nicholas DeMarinis, the researchers performed their scan over three occasions in 2017 and 2018, and found some 40 unsecured bots across the world.Embarrassingly, one of the machines discovered during the scans was from Tellex’s own lab. Another turned out to be in the lab of collaborator Siddhartha Srinivasa, a computer science professor at the University of Washington.As part of the experiment, Srinivasa agreed to leave some of his robot’s functions online, allowing the folks at Brown to remotely access its camera, move its neck, and make it speak.Such unencumbered access can be risky—to humans and robots. But there’s an easy fix, according to the researchers: set up a firewall or virtual private network (VPN). And, for the love of Wall-E, please don’t forget to lock down your androids.“When you have software written without security in mind, coupled with people not thinking about security, that’s a dangerous combination,” Fonseca said. “We can think of this in the larger context of the Internet of Things, where we need to think about security in all stages of a product, from the development and upgrade cycle to the way in which users deploy the devices.”The group presented their study last month’s 2018 Robotics: Science and Systems conference in Pittsburgh.Need help securing a network? Visit our sister site PCMag for everything you need to know about VPN.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Robot Dog Astro Can Sit, Lie Down, and Save LivesYou Can’t Squish This Cockroach-Inspired Robot Stay on targetlast_img read more

How fledglings and their parents negotiate the best time for young birds

first_imgA team of researchers at the University of Montana has found that fledglings and their parents must negotiate to find the right time for the young birds to leave their nest. In their paper published on the open access site Science Advances, the group describes their study of many types of birds and how they figured out when fledglings should leave the nest. Journal information: Science Advances © 2018 Phys.org Many birds build nests to lay their eggs and to hold the young after they hatch until they grow old enough to fly on their own. But how do the baby birds and their parents know when it is time for them to leave? That question, the researchers point out, has not been studied very much. For that reason, they designed and carried out a study to find the answer.The study consisted of videotaping 11 types of songbirds using a high-speed camera—that allowed them to gain a better understanding of the flying skills of birds. They also watched as the birds grew older and carefully noted the time points at which the young birds left the nest—and how they fared.The researchers found that there were differences between species—some parents allowed their offspring to stay in the nest longer while others did not. There were also differences in mortality rates between species. Those that left the nest earlier found it tougher going than those that stayed in the nest longer—fewer of them survived because they had not yet developed strong flying skills. On the other hand, young birds that hung around in the nest longer were more likely to attract predators because they were noisier—increasing the likelihood of the whole brood being eaten. The researchers also found that under artificial conditions in which they forced some parents to keep their young in the nest for a few extra days, the mortality rate was lower—not only did the young birds have more time to develop, they were also protected from predators. Citation: How fledglings and their parents negotiate the best time for young birds to leave the nest (2018, June 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-fledglings-parents-young-birds.html Parent gray-headed junco enticing young to leave the nest. Parents hold food away from nest and young come out to get it and this picture captures a young that was just fed out of the nest. Credit: T. E. Martin Explore further Cavity-nesting birds, like this mountain chickadee about to feed its young, have safer nests that allow young to stay in nests longer and develop their wings for improved flight at leaving. Credit: T. E. Martin PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen More information: Thomas E. Martin et al. Age and performance at fledging are a cause and consequence of juvenile mortality between life stages, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aar1988AbstractShould they stay or should they leave? The age at which young transition between life stages, such as living in a nest versus leaving it, differs among species and the reasons why are unclear. We show that offspring of songbird species that leave the nest at a younger age have less developed wings that cause poorer flight performance and greater mortality after fledging. Experimentally delayed fledging verified that older age and better developed wings provide benefits of reduced juvenile mortality. Young are differentially constrained in the age that they can stay in the nest and enjoy these fitness benefits because of differences among species in opposing predation costs while in the nest. This tension between mortality in versus outside of the nest influences offspring traits and performance and creates an unrecognized conflict between parents and offspring that determines the optimal age to fledge. The loss of a parent is the most common cause of brood failure in blue tits This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Play Gray-headed juncos fledge from the nest at a young age because their ground nests experience high risk of predation. This young age of fledging results in under-developed wings that do not allow sustained flight, even the day after they left the nest, as shown in this video. In contrast, white-breasted nuthatches nest in safe cavities with low predation risk, allowing young to stay in the nest longer and develop their wings more fully such that they can perform sustained level flight even 2 days before they fledge. Credit: B. Tobalske, N. Wright and T. Martin The researchers suggest that their findings indicate that parent birds and their young must negotiate an optimal time for the young to leave, balancing the dangers of staying longer versus leaving earlier.last_img read more